Malabsorption Symptoms Celiac Disease
The malabsorption symptoms celiac disease causes can be quite serious. Because the disease damages the villi in the small intestine, people with celiac disease experience malabsorption. They don’t absorb nutrients like vitamins and minerals well. They also don’t absorb fat well, and to a lesser extent, protein and carbohydrates. This malabsorption can cause a number of symptoms and can lead to some serious health problems.
Fat Malabsorption Symptoms Celiac Disease Causes
People with celiac disease do not absorb fat as well as people without the condition do. Some of the fat malabsorption symptoms celiac disease causes include gassiness, diarrhea, and increased amounts of fat in the stool (called steatorrhea). Those symptoms are unpleasant enough, but not absorbing enough fat from our diet can cause a number of health problems. We often think of a low fat diet as being healthy, and it is, but we need a certain amount of fat in our diet for good health, too.
Symptoms of not absorbing enough fat from our diet include fatigue, dry skin, hair loss, depression, poor wound healing, bruising easily, missed menstrual periods, and poor immune system function, meaning that people get sick easily and have trouble fighting off infection. Of course, the malabsorption of fat can lead to weight loss as well.
Lack of fat in the diet also leads to difficulty absorbing fat soluble vitamins (vitamins A, E, and K), and lack of those nutrients leads to other symptoms.
Adding additional fat to the diet does not usually help since it simply will not be absorbed. The only treatment for the malabsorption of fat is to eliminate gluten from the diet, which allows the damage to the small intestine to heal. Then fat can be absorbed properly again. In children with celiac disease, the damage to the small intestine usually heals fairly quickly, in about three to six months. In adults, the damage is often more extensive and can take longer to heal, as long as a few years.
Vitamin and Mineral Malabsorption Symptoms Celiac Disease Causes
The vitamin and mineral malabsorption symptoms celiac disease causes can be extensive and quite serious, depending on the severity of the damage to the small intestine. Symptoms may include:
Eliminating gluten from the diet will allow the small intestine to heal so that vitamins and minerals can be absorbed again. In the meantime, taking supplements of any vitamins or minerals a person is deficient in can help. Some vitamins can be administered in ways other than a tablet or capsule, and they might be absorbed better that way. For instance, vitamin B12 can be administered by injection or by a dermal patch.
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