What Are Bed Bugs?


Basics

What are bed bugs? They are small, wingless insects that feed on the blood of humans. They leave a bed bug rash that resembles mosquito bites. The bed bug rash is often the first sign people notice that indicates a problem. That’s because the bugs are so small, they often go unnoticed.

What are bed bugs like? They are flat, oval insects. They are usually brown in color. Adults are only a quarter of an inch long. Larvae are the size of a grain of rice, and their eggs are the size of a poppy seed.



Bed bugs live in dark warm places like the crevices of mattresses. They are not confined to bed, though. They can live in other furniture, including soft furniture like sofas and hard furniture like dresser drawers. They can also live in carpet, usually along the baseboards.

Prevention

What are bed bugs prevention measures? There are several preventative steps you can take.

Inspect used furniture carefully before bringing it home. If you find signs of bugs, treat the furniture before bringing it into your house, or just buy other furniture instead.

If you spend the night somewhere where there are bed bugs, you need to take steps to avoid bringing them home with you. Seal all your laundry in plastic bags until you can wash it, then wash it in the hottest water the fabrics will stand. Wash your suitcase or other luggage, either in the washing machine or by hand.

It is recommended that you always check the beds in hotel rooms for bugs. Pull back the sheets and examine the mattresses carefully. If you find signs of bugs, notify the manager and request another room on the other side of the hotel. Check the beds before you unpack so you won’t risk contaminating your luggage.

You should know that, if bed bugs are present, wearing bug spray like the kind that protects against mosquito bites won’t help prevent bed bug rash. Bed bugs simply don’t seem to mind these kinds of sprays. The only way to prevent bed bug rash is to avoid bed bugs altogether.

Treatment

What are bed bugs treatments?

To start with, you’ll need to clean the infested area thoroughly. Wash your bed linens in hot water. Vacuum the mattress and the crevices of the bed frame. Vacuum the floor around the bed, as well. Remove any nearby clutter, as that can provide a hiding place for bugs.

What are bed bugs pesticide treatments? Most bed bug treatments contain permethrins and/or pyrethrins. These chemicals are effective at killing bed bugs, but they are potentially hazardous to both people and pets. If you use them, make sure you wear gloves, long sleeves, long pants, and a facemask when applying them. They will cause skin irritation and inflammation if they come in contact with your skin, and can cause nausea and vomiting if you inhale them. Long-term exposure can cause more serious problems, such as liver problems and even cancer, so think carefully about whether or not you want these chemicals near your sleeping place.

Many people prefer natural bed bug treatments. Fortunately, there are some good natural alternatives available.

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When To See Your Doctor

Bed bug bites usually do not require medical attention. They should clear up on their own in just a few days. If you have a bed bug rash that doesn’t go away or if you think your bites are infected, see your doctor.



More than what are bed bugs on our how to treat bed bugs page

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