Treat Bed Bugs


It’s important to treat bed bugs as soon as you discover you have them, because otherwise they can make you miserable. We’ll tell you how to kill bed bugs in just a minute.

Bed bug bites are not normally harmful, but they can be very irritating. Over time, people often develop sensitivity to the insects’ saliva, causing an allergic reaction. Severe redness, itching, and swelling can result. The good news is that bed bugs are not known to carry any diseases.

Most people don’t realize they have bed bugs until they begin to experience bites. Bed bug bites resemble mosquito bites but usually occur during the night. If you wake with unexplained insect bites, it’s worth your time to do an inspection for bed bugs.

Bed bugs are tiny, flat oval insects. They may be white or light tan, or may be a darker brown. An adult bed bug is about a quarter of an inch long. They can usually be found in crevices of mattresses, bed frames, and other furniture. Use a flashlight when you inspect your furniture, and look carefully. They are easy to miss.

We’ll tell you how to treat bed bugs in a moment, but first let’s talk about prevention.


Bed bugs frequently stowaway on used furniture when you move it into your home, so take the time to inspect any used furniture carefully before bringing it home. Look in all the cracks and crevices. It might help to use a flashlight so you can see really well.

Bed bugs can also travel to your home on your clothing or in your luggage if you’ve stayed at another home or a hotel where bed bugs were present. If you suspect you’ve stayed somewhere where bed bugs were present, take steps to prevent transferring them to your own home.

Sort and bag any clothing or other laundry items in plastic bags, and keep them in the bags until you’re able to wash them. Transfer them directly from the plastic bags to the washing machine. Wash them on the hottest setting the fabric will stand. That is the best way how to kill bed beds on fabrics.

Inspect your suitcases or other luggage items for bed bugs. Look in the cracks and crevices. If you find any signs of the insects, launder the items in hot water. If the suitcase cannot be laundered, you can leave it locked in your car in the full summer sun for several hours. This is one way how to kill bed bugs.


If you find you do have them, you’ll want to treat bed bugs right away. You can treat the bed bugs yourself, or you can hire a commercial exterminator to do the job. If you hire someone, make sure they know how to kill bed bugs and prevent them from coming back. In most cases, though, you can handle the job yourself.

Start by cleaning the infested area thoroughly. Scrub mattresses with a stiff brush. Launder all bed linens in hot water. Vacuum carpets, using the crevice tool on the vacuum cleaner to get the baseboards. Use the crevice tool on furniture, as well.

Most commercial pesticides contain permethrins and/or pyrethrins. These chemicals are effective but can be harmful to both people and pets. You must use care when handling them because the can cause redness, irritation, and inflammation if they come in contact with your skin. Long-term exposure can cause serious problems, including liver problems and even cancer.

Wishing to avoid the potential risks of commercial pesticides, many people want to know how to kill bed bugs naturally. Fortunately, there are good options to treat bed bugs naturally.

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When To See Your Doctor

Bed bug bites will usually go away on their own without treatment; however, you should see a doctor to treat a bed bug bite that doesn’t seem to heal or seems infected.

Additional Reading:  Follow this link for more information on bed bugs. To learn about killing bed bugs, follow this link to our bedbugs spray page.  It includes detailed information on bed bug treatment.  If you want more information on what are bed bugs, or want to see bed bug pictures, just follow the links.  **Update**  We recently added more bed bugs picture pages, including a bed bug bite picture section. 

More than how to treat bed bugs on our Self Care Home Page



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